Victories for Animals

2014

  • New Hampshire’s Board of Education issues policy encouraging teachers to respect students’ right to choose alternatives to dissecting formerly living animals.
  • Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine ends use of live animals in training; only three U.S. med schools continue to use live animals
  • India bans animal-tested cosmetics
  • China ends mandatory animal testing for cosmetics
  • The Medical Council of India stops use of animals for training medical students
  • Michigan State Board of Education adopts policy allowing school districts to let students opt out of animal dissection classes
  • NIH terminates funding for research using randomly sourced dogs from “Class B” dealers

2013

  • The National Institutes of Health announced it would retire nearly 90% of its chimpanzees from biomedical research
  • The E.U., Israel, and India banned cosmetics testing on animals
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced a proposal to protect all chimpanzees under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) – whether free living in Africa or held in a U.S. lab or other captive situations; chimpanzees in captivity are currently only listed as "threatened"
  • Harvard announced it will close its New England Primate Research Center, plagued recently by Animal Welfare Act violations
  • Guizhentang Pharmaceutical, China’s biggest producer of bear bile extract, withdrew its application to the Shenzhen Stock Exchange after pressure from Chinese citizens; Guizhentang had wanted to triple to 1,200 the number of moon bears it uses
  • Using human skin and immune cells, researchers at U.K.'s Newcastle University developed a lab-grown, skin-testing model for chemicals, drugs, and cosmetics called Skimune

2012

  • The NIH announced it will retire 113 chimpanzees from New Iberia Research Center to Chimp Haven sanctuary; the decision is a major revision to the NIH's original plan to send only 10 to Chimp Haven and the rest to another lab
  • Washington, D.C. granted students the right to choose learning alternatives and not dissect
  • NIH's National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences awarded $70 million through 17 grants to create artificial organs known as "tissue chips" to provide an accurate and
    technologically-advanced alternative to drug testing on animals
  • Covance, a large contract animal testing company, closed its second lab in Chandler, AZ due to lack of demand for services
  • UPS, FedEx, Jet, and DHL airlines stopped shipping mammals for laboratories, and Air Canada and United stopped shipping primates
  • Bioqual, an independent research facility in Rockville, MD ended its 30-year run of chimpanzee use in drug testing
  • A highly esteemed group of neuroscientists signed the Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness, declaring that non-human animals – including mammals, birds, octopuses, and many others – possess “neurological substrates that generate consciousness”

2011

  • The Institute of Medicine (IOM) issued a report concluding most research using chimpanzees is unnecessary
  • The National Institutes of Health (NIH) suspended all new funding for biomedical or behavioral research with chimpanzees in response to the IOM report
  • The Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act is reintroduced in the 112th Congress and continues to gain co-sponsors
  • 186 chimpanzees at the Alamogordo Primate Facility, scheduled to be transferred into invasive research, were granted a reprieve
  • FDA responds to MAP with commitment to new policy language to support use of non-animal alternatives
  • The North American Primate Sanctuary Alliance is founded to establish standards of excellence for chimpanzee sanctuaries

2010

  • NASA cancelled plans for space radiation experiments on monkeys
  • 16 more chimpanzees were retired from research and brought to sanctuary at Chimp Haven
  • The Ontario Veterinary College ended all animal terminal surgery labs, the last in Canada to do so
  • The College of Veterinary Medicine at Michigan State University ended the use of dogs in surgery training
  • Scientists at the Wyss Institute at Harvard University created a “lung-on-a-chip,” a non-animal alternative for testing environmental toxins and drugs
  • Utah ends mandatory pound seizure, eliminating the requirement that shelters relinquish dogs and cats to research institutions
  • 10 Moon bears are rescued from bile farms and brought to sanctuary at Animals Asia in addition to 13 from 2009 and 28 in 2008
  • The Medical College of Wisconsin ended the use of pigs in its first-year physiology course
  • The E.U. officially bans the use of great apes in research

2009

  • The University of California Irvine replaced the use of rats and frogs with computer simulators in their neuroscience course
  • The University of Michigan ended the use of live dogs and the University of Oklahoma Medical Center stopped its use of goats in their respective Advanced Trauma Life Support courses
  • The National Academies Institute for Laboratory Animal Research’s Committee on Scientific and Human Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats concluded that random source animals from Class B dealers are not necessary for NIH related research
  • The European Union banned nearly all animal tests for cosmetic ingredients, formulations, and final products, leaving only a handful of exceptions scheduled to be banned in 2013

2008

  • Washington, DC ends mandatory pound seizure, eliminating the requirement that shelters relinquish dogs and cats to research institutions
  • The University of Vermont College of Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Idaho State University, and University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine ended use of live animals in Advanced Trauma Life Support courses
  • Vermont passed a dissection choice law
  • New York passes legislation requiring use of validated non-animal alternatives for product testing when available

2007

  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) establishes a committee to develop guidelines for using alternatives to animal testing in meeting FDA requirements
  • Duke University’s Medical School ended its live pig lab
  • Nine U.S. medical schools began teaching students without the use of animals
  • A landmark report published by the National Research Council and the Committee on Toxicity Testing and Assessment of Environmental Agents calls for a change in the system away from animal tests toward in vitro, alternative methods to lead to advances in science
  • UC Berkeley developed a biochip that rapidly assesses a chemical’s toxicity for humans
  • The National Center for Research Resources permanently ended federal funding for breeding chimpanzees for research
  • The federal “Chimp Haven is Home Act” amendment was passed, prohibiting all chimpanzees released from research to sanctuary under the CHIMP Act from being returned to research

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