The Board shall establish guidelines relative to dissection in science classes in public schools. Such guidelines shall require all public schools that offer dissection as a learning activity to permit those students who choose not to participate in dissection to be allowed to demonstrate competency through an alternative method. Alternative methods shall not include a pupil being required to watch another pupil perform dissection. A teacher shall not discriminate against a student for not participating in dissection. Said alternative methods shall require a level of time and effort by the student that is comparable to, but not greater than, the level of time and effort required of students participating in dissection. The provisions of this section shall not excuse a student who does not wish to participate in dissection from taking and passing any examinations that are required of those students who do participate in dissection. MA State Board of Education Policy (2005).